Diet high in fibre could cut type 2 diabetes risk

Following a diet high in fibre could result in a decreased risk of developing type 2 diabetes according to new research published in Diabetologia.
Approximately 30,000 people were studied, with the scientists finding an 18 per cent reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes for those who consumed more than 26g of fibre daily, compared to those who consumed less than 19g.
The scientists who carried out the research are therefore saying that 26g of fibre each day can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by almost one fifth, which is fairly straightforward for people to manage. Good sources of fibre include nuts and brown rice, which are good food choices in helping to maintain a healthy weight. Porridge and muesli are also healthy options, high in fibre, and are classed as cereal fibre.
However, fruit fibre was not shown to help protect against the development of type 2 diabetes. The research also indicated that fibre itself does not reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, it works to help people maintain a healthy weight and protect themselves against obesity, which is one of the main risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes.
Commenting on the results, researcher Dagfinn Aune, of Imperial College, said they “indicate individuals with diets rich in fibre, in particular cereal fibre, may be at lower risk of type 2 diabetes.”
“As well as helping keep weight down, dietary fibre may also affect diabetes risk by other mechanisms – for instance improving control of blood sugar and decreasing insulin peaks after meals, and increasing the body’s sensitivity to insulin.”
The best way to live a healthy lifestyle is to incorporate a range of food types into your diet and eat in moderation. Fresh fruit and vegetables are beneficial, whilst your consumption of sugar and processed food should be reduced. Taking part in regular exercise is also important.

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