[1] Britain and obesity
[2] Britain and obesity
[3] Life expectancy at birth
[4] Long-term conditions and chronic disease
[5] IARC Monographs evaluate consumption of red meat and processed meat, 2015
[6] Gradual reduction of sugar in soft drinks without substitution as a strategy to reduce overweight, obesity, and type 2 diabetes: a modelling study, 2016
[7] Changes in intestinal tight junction permeability associated with industrial food additives explain the rising incidence of autoimmune disease, 2015
[8] BMI and all cause mortality: systematic review and non-linear dose-response meta-analysis of 230 cohort studies with 3.74 million deaths among 30.3 million participants
[9] Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease
[10] Cancer is a Preventable Disease that Requires Major Lifestyle Changes
[11] analysis of nutrient data from 1975 to 1997
[12] Dietary fiber and body weight
[13] Beneficial effects of high dietary fibre intake in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
[14] Increasing the number of chews before swallowing reduces meal size in normal-weight, overweight, and obese adults
[15] Inflammation and tumour progression
[16] n−3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids, inflammation, and inflammatory diseases
[17] Association between dietary fiber and serum C-reactive protein
[18] Secondary causes of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
[19] Effect of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise Training on Liver Enzymes and Hepatic Fat in Iranian Men With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
[20] Role of diet and nutritional management in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
[21] Physical activity in prevention and treatment of the metabolic syndrome
[22] Nutritional strategies in the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome
[23] The contributions of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infections to cirrhosis and primary liver cancer worldwide
[25] The genetic influence on diverticular disease–a twin study
[26] Osteoporosis in men and women
[27] Chronic diseases and health promotion
[28] Alcohol and Other Factors Affecting Osteoporosis Risk in Women
[30] World Health Organization Blood pressure
[31] New figures show high blood pressure costs NHS billions each year
[32] Effect of age on hypertension: analysis of over 4,800 referred hypertensive patients
[33] NHLBI Study Finds DASH Diet And Reduced Sodium Lowers Blood Pressure For All
[34] Epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of polycystic ovary syndrome
[35] insulin resistance and hyperandrogenism: PCOS
[36] The effects of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet on the polycystic ovary syndrome: A pilot study
[37] Gout. Epidemiology of gout
[38] Epidemiology of gout: is the incidence rising?
[39] Gout overview
[40] Stimulation of human purine synthesis de novo by fructose infusion
[41] Alcohol consumption as a trigger of recurrent gout attacks
[42] Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in patients with gout: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
[43] Menopause: Overview
[44] Calcium and Vitamin D: Important at Every Age
[45] The balance of bone health: tipping the scales in favor of potassium-rich, bicarbonate-rich foods
[46] Relapse of depression after rapid depletion of tryptophan
[47] Tryptophan and 5-hydroxytryptophan for depression
[48] Antidepressant-like effects of a cocoa polyphenolic extract in Wistar-Unilever rats
[49] Dietary flour supplementation decreases post-menopausal hot flushes: Effect of soy and wheat
[50] The Epidemiology of Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea
[51] rowing Epidemic of Coronary Heart Disease in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
[52] Atherosclerosis-epidemiological studies on the health effects of a Mediterranean diet
[53] Health effects of vegetables and fruit: assessing mechanisms of action in human experimental studies
[54] Effects of a low-carbohydrate diet on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factor in overweight adolescents
[55] Fruit and vegetable consumption and its relation to markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in adolescents
[56] A study on the epidemiology of rosacea in the UK
[57] The Diuretic Effect in Human Subjects of an Extract of Taraxacum officinale Folium over a Single Day
[58] Diuretic effect of compounds from Hibiscus sabdariffa by modulation of the aldosterone activity
[59] Bariatric Surgery: Risks and Rewards
[60] Bariatric surgery: indications, safety and efficacy
Lifestyle, diabetes, and cardiovascular risk factors 10 years after bariatric surgery
[62] Hospital Teaching Status and Outcomes of Complex Surgical Procedures in the United States
[63] Bariatric Surgery: Risks and Rewards
[64] Study of almost 49,000 obese patients shows that mortality is much lower in those who have obesity surgery compared with those who don’t
[65] Risk of completed suicide after bariatric surgery: a systematic review
[66] NHS – What is the Glycaemic Index?
[67] world health organization epilepsy fact sheet
[68] Effectiveness of first antiepileptic drug
[69] Ketogenic diet and other dietary treatments for epilepsy
[70] How do NSAIDs cause ulcer disease?
[71] Stress-induced peptic ulcer; pathogenesis, clinical features, prevention and treatment
[72] Smoking and alcohol intake as risk factors for bleeding and perforated peptic ulcers: a population-based cohort study
[73] Flavonoids with gastroprotective activity
[74] The Antibacterial Activity of Honey on Helicobacter Pylori
Etiopathogenesis of osteoarthritis
[76] Handout On Health: Osteoarthritis
[77] The contribution of genes to osteoarthritis
[78] Evidence for the role of genes in rheumatoid arthritis: family studies
[79] About Glycemic Index, University of Sydney
[80] Smoking and risk of rheumatoid arthritis
[81] Parkinsons disease
[82] Pesticide exposure and risk for Parkinson’s disease
[83] Does vigorous exercise have a neuroprotective effect in Parkinson disease?
[84] Physical activity, brain, and cognition
[85] Caffeine exposure and the risk of Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
[86] Multiple antioxidants in the prevention and treatment of Parkinson’s disease
[87] Clinical Practice Guidelines for Hypothyroidism in Adults: Cosponsored by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the American Thyroid Association
[88] National institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases:Hyperthyroidism (Overactive Thyroid)
[89] BMJ iron deficiency Anaemia
[90] Endometriosis and infertility
[91] Endometriosis: a genetic disease
[92] Systematic review and meta-analysis: The incidence and prognosis of post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome
[93] World Gastroenterology Organisation Global Guidelines Irritable Bowel Syndrome: a Global Perspective
[94] PubMed Health Colon Cancer: Symptoms
Prevention of colorectal cancer by flexible endoscopy and polypectomy. A case-control study of 32,702 veterans
[96] Natural history of untreated colonic polyps
[97] Adenocarcinoma of the colon and rectum in patients less than 40 years of age
[98] A prospective study of cigarette smoking and risk of colorectal adenoma and colorectal cancer in U.S. women
[99] Tobacco use and colon cancer.
Alcohol Consumption and the Risk of Cancer
[101] Fruit, vegetables, dietary fiber, and risk of colorectal cancer
[102] The fraction of cancer attributable to lifestyle and environmental factors in the UK in 2010
[103] Dietary fibre, whole grains, and risk of colorectal cancer: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies
[104] Red meat and colorectal cancer: a critical summary of prospective epidemiologic studies
[105] Fruit, vegetables, and colorectal cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
[106] Physical activity and colorectal cancer
[107] Cigarette Smoking and Colorectal Cancer Mortality in the Cancer Prevention Study II
[108] A Randomized Trial Comparing a Very Low Carbohydrate Diet and a Calorie-Restricted Low Fat Diet on Body Weight and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Healthy Women
[109] A Low-Carbohydrate as Compared with a Low-Fat Diet in Severe Obesity
[110] A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet to treat type 2 diabetes
[111] Has carbohydrate-restriction been forgotten as a treatment for diabetes mellitus?
[112] The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-glycemic index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus
[113] Carbohydrate Restriction has a More Favorable Impact on the Metabolic Syndrome than a Low Fat Diet
[114] Comparison of a Low-Fat Diet to a Low-Carbohydrate Diet on Weight Loss, Body Composition, and Risk Factors for Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease in Free-Living, Overweight Men and Women
[115] Beyond weight loss: a review of the therapeutic uses of very-low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diets
[116] Lutein and Zeaxanthin and the Risk of Cataract: The Melbourne Visual Impairment Project
[117] Serum cholesterol response to changes in the diet: II. The effect of cholesterol in the diet
[118] Critical review: vegetables and fruit in the prevention of chronic diseases
[119] Twenty-four-hour energy expenditure and urinary catecholamines of humans consuming low-to-moderate amounts of medium-chain triglycerides: a dose-response study in a human respiratory chamber
[120] Postprandial thermogenesis in lean and obese subjects after meals supplemented with medium-chain and long-chain triglycerides
[121] Conjugated Linoleic Acid Reduces Body Fat Mass in Overweight and Obese Humans
[122] Increased concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids in milk and platelet rich plasma of grass-fed cows
[123] Resistance training conserves fat-free mass and resting energy expenditure following weight loss
[124] The Role of Diet and Exercise for the Maintenance of Fat-Free Mass and Resting Metabolic Rate During Weight Loss
[125] Insulin’s impact on renal sodium transport and blood pressure in health, obesity, and diabetes
[126] Lack of suppression of circulating free fatty acids and hypercholesterolemia during weight loss on a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet
[127] A randomized trial comparing a very low carbohydrate diet and a calorie-restricted low fat diet on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women
[128] Measurement of ad libitum food intake, physical activity, and sedentary time in response to overfeeding
[129] Effect of behavioural techniques and delivery mode on effectiveness of weight management: systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression
[130] Portion distortion: typical portion sizes selected by young adults
[131] How calorie-focused thinking about obesity and related diseases may mislead and harm public health
[132] Increased vegetable and fruit consumption during weight loss effort correlates with increased weight and fat loss
[133] Gluconeogenesis and energy expenditure after a high-protein, carbohydrate-free diet
[134] Postprandial thermogenesis is increased 100% on a high-protein, low-fat diet versus a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet in healthy, young women
[135] Saturated fat does not clog the arteries: coronary heart disease is a chronic inflammatory condition, the risk of which can be effectively reduced from healthy lifestyle interventions
[136] Micronutrient deficiency in the aetiology of obesity
[137] Oxygen Transport
[138] Changing perceptions of hunger on a high nutrient density diet
[139] Gluconeogenesis and energy expenditure after a high-protein, carbohydrate-free diet
[140] Inverse association between fruit and vegetable intake and BMI even after controlling for demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors
[141] Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women
[142] Water consumption increases weight loss during a hypocaloric diet intervention in middle-aged and older adults
[143] Portion size of food affects energy intake in normal-weight and overweight men and women
[144] The contribution of expanding portion sizes to the US obesity epidemic
[145] Fiber and Prebiotics: Mechanisms and Health Benefits
[146] Gut microbiota fermentation of prebiotics increases satietogenic and incretin gut peptide production with consequences for appetite sensation and glucose response after a meal
[147] Do stress reactions cause abdominal obesity and comorbidities?
[148] Plant polyphenols as dietary antioxidants in human health and disease
[149] Variation in the effects of three different breakfast meals on subjective satiety and subsequent intake of energy at lunch and evening meal
[150] Green tea: A boon for periodontal and general health
[151] Trans fat diet induces abdominal obesity and changes in insulin sensitivity in monkeys
[152] A high-protein diet induces sustained reductions in appetite, ad libitum caloric intake, and body weight despite compensatory changes in diurnal plasma leptin and ghrelin concentrations
[153] Health effects of trans-fatty acids: experimental and observational evidence
[154] Postprandial thermogenesis is increased 100% on a high-protein, low-fat diet versus a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet in healthy, young women
[155] Improvement in chewing activity reduces energy intake in one meal and modulates plasma gut hormone concentrations in obese and lean young Chinese men
[156] Alcohol intake and 8-year weight gain in women: a prospective study
[157] Brain regulation of appetite and satiety
[158] Trans fats-sources, health risks and alternative approach – A review
[159] Trends in consumption of ultra-processed foods and obesity in Sweden between 1960 and 2010
[160] Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women
[161] Added sugar intake and cardiovascular diseases mortality among US adults
[162] Effects of encapsulated green tea and Guarana extracts containing a mixture of epigallocatechin-3-gallate and caffeine on 24 h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in men
[163] A Low-Carbohydrate as Compared with a Low-Fat Diet in Severe Obesity
[164] Water consumption increases weight loss during a hypocaloric diet intervention in middle-aged and older adults
[165] Comparison of changes in energy expenditure and body temperatures after caffeine consumption
[166] Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review
[167] Relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks and childhood obesity: a prospective, observational analysis
[168] Protein intake and energy balance
[169] Gluconeogenesis and energy expenditure after a high-protein, carbohydrate-free diet
[170] A high-protein diet induces sustained reductions in appetite, ad libitum caloric intake, and body weight despite compensatory changes in diurnal plasma leptin and ghrelin concentrations
[171] The Role of Diet and Exercise for the Maintenance of Fat-Free Mass and Resting Metabolic Rate During Weight Loss
[172] Home environment and psychosocial predictors of obesity status among community-residing men and women
[173] Slim by Design: Kitchen Counter Correlates of Obesity
[174] Consumption of sugar sweetened beverages, artificially sweetened beverages, and fruit juice and incidence of type 2 diabetes: systematic review, meta-analysis, and estimation of population attributable fraction
[175] Resolved: there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases
[176] The color red reduces snack food and soft drink intake
[177] Ice cream illusions bowls, spoons, and self-served portion sizes
[178] Visual illusions and plate design: the effects of plate rim widths and rim coloring on perceived food portion size
[179] The role of protein in weight loss and maintenance
[180] Short sleep duration is associated with reduced leptin, elevated ghrelin, and increased body mass index
[181] Effect of a high-protein breakfast on the postprandial ghrelin response
[182] Daily hassles and eating behaviour: the role of cortisol reactivity status
[183] Diet induced thermogenesis
[184] The effect of protein intake on 24-h energy expenditure during energy restriction
[185] Protein, weight management, and satiety
[186] Quality protein intake is inversely related with abdominal fat
[187] High protein intake sustains weight maintenance after body weight loss in humans
[188] Increased protein intake reduces lean body mass loss during weight loss in athletes
[189] Effects of whey protein and resistance exercise on body composition: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
[191] Bacteria in the Intestine, Helpful Residents or Enemies from Within
[193] Who controls the crowd? New findings and old questions about the intestinal microflora
[194] Oral butyrate for mildly to moderately active Crohn’s disease
[195] Inflammation in atherosclerosis
[196] Obesity is associated with hypothalamic injury in rodents and humans
[197] Association between dietary fiber and markers of systemic inflammation in the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study
[198] Dietary Fiber and Energy Regulation
[199] Dietary supplements for body-weight reduction: a systematic review
[200] Glucomannan and obesity: a critical review
[201] The effects of a low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet and a low-fat diet on mood, hunger, and other self-reported symptoms
[202] Long-term effects of a very-low-carbohydrate weight loss diet compared with an isocaloric low-fat diet after 12 months
[203] Systematic review of randomized controlled trials of low-carbohydrate vs. low-fat/low-calorie diets in the management of obesity and its comorbidities
[204] Insulin’s impact on renal sodium transport and blood pressure in health, obesity, and diabetes
[205] Comparison of energy-restricted very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets on weight loss and body composition in overweight men and women
[206] Long-term weight loss maintenance
[207] Adaptive thermogenesis in humans
[208] Influence of Weekend Lifestyle Patterns on Body Weight
[209] Dietary self-monitoring, but not dietary quality, improves with use of smartphone app technology in an 8-week weight loss trial
[210] The role of physical activity in producing and maintaining weight loss
[211] Physical activity and energy balance
[212] Appetite control and energy balance: impact of exercise
[213] The role of exercise for weight loss and maintenance
[214] Changes in fat-free mass during significant weight loss: a systematic review
[215] American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand. Appropriate physical activity intervention strategies for weight loss and prevention of weight regain for adults
[216] The influence of partner’s behavior on health behavior change: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
[217] Sleep and obesity
[218] Recommended Amount of Sleep for a Healthy Adult: A Joint Consensus Statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society
[219] Stress and hormones
[220] Maintenance of energy expenditure on high-protein vs. high-carbohydrate diets at a constant body weight may prevent a positive energy balance
[221] American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and fluid replacement
[222] Sleep drives metabolite clearance from the adult brain
[225] Cortisol and antidiuretic hormone responses to stress in cardiac surgical patients
[227] Water and electrolyte shifts with partial fluid replacement during exercise
[228] Influence of acclimatization on sweat sodium concentration
[229] High dietary sodium chloride consumption may not induce body fluid retention in humans
[231] Magnesium in man: implications for health and disease
[232] Taraxacum–a review on its phytochemical and pharmacological profile
[233] The diuretic effect in human subjects of an extract of Taraxacum officinale folium over a single day
[234] Just add water
[235] On the mechanism of the effects of potassium restriction on blood pressure and renal sodium retention
[236] Insulin’s impact on renal sodium transport and blood pressure in health, obesity, and diabetes
[237] The Biology of Human Starvation
[238] Caffeine ingestion and fluid balance: a review
[239] Influence of prolonged sedentary work on the development of lower limbs edema and methods of its prevention
[240] A randomized, controlled, crossover trial to assess the acute appetitive and metabolic effects of sausage and egg-based convenience breakfast meals in overweight premenopausal women
[241] The effectiveness of breakfast recommendations on weight loss: a randomized controlled trial
[242] Effect of skipping breakfast on subsequent energy intake
[243] Effects of intermittent fasting on metabolism in men
[244] Losing weight without dieting. Use of commercial foods as meal replacements for lunch produces an extended energy deficit
[245] Meal Replacement Beverage Twice a Day in Overweight and Obese Adults
[246] Weight management using a meal replacement strategy: meta and pooling analysis from six studies
[247] Meal replacement efficacy on long-term weight loss: a systematic review
[248] Efficacy of a meal replacement diet plan compared to a food-based diet plan after a period of weight loss and weight maintenance: a randomized controlled trial
[249] The effect of a whey protein supplement dose on satiety and food intake in resistance training athletes
[250] Effect of dairy proteins on appetite, energy expenditure, body weight, and composition: a review of the evidence from controlled clinical trials
[251] Health benefits of aerobic exercise
[252] Predictors of fat mass changes in response to aerobic exercise training in women
[253] Effects of aerobic or combined aerobic resistance exercise on body composition in overweight and obese adults: gender differences. A randomized intervention study
[254] Effects of resistance training with and without caloric restriction on physical function and mobility in overweight and obese older adults: a randomized controlled trial
[255] A randomized 3×3 crossover study to evaluate the effect of Hass avocado intake on post-ingestive satiety, glucose and insulin levels, and subsequent energy intake in overweight adults
[256] Low-fat dietary pattern and weight change over 7 years: the Women’s Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial
[257] Appetitive, dietary and health effects of almonds consumed with meals or as snacks: a randomized, controlled trial
[258] The effect of rate of weight loss on long-term weight management: a randomised controlled trial
[259] The association between rate of initial weight loss and long-term success in obesity treatment: does slow and steady win the race?
[260] High glycemic index foods, overeating, and obesity
[261] A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-fat diet to treat obesity and hyperlipidemia: a randomized, controlled trial
[262] Detox diets for toxin elimination and weight management: a critical review of the evidence
[263] Low protein diets increase neuropeptide Y gene expression in the basomedial hypothalamus of rats
[265] Fruit juice: just another sugary drink?
[266] Environmental Determinants of Chronic Disease and Medical Approaches: Recognition, Avoidance, Supportive Therapy, and Detoxification
[267] Food and drug reward: overlapping circuits in human obesity and addiction